Mors Inmatura. The Fadienis and their necropolis

Portomaggiore - Strada Provinciale Gambulaga, 26

Mors Inmatura. The Fadienis and their necropolis




Always open
Saturday, Sunday and holidays :10-12 .30 / 15-18


Telephone: +39 0532 323258
FAX: +39 0532 320462
INFOLINE: +39 0532 323011

From April 27th 2006 this magnificent "container" exhibits the fascinating Roman necropolis of Fadienis, dating from the I and II century A.D. (Imperial age).
Five steles and more than 200 findings which came out from the two excavations campaigns, witness the process of "Romanisation" of the delta territory that followed the course of the ancient hydrographical net, in which the Gambulaga's finding is included. Thanks to the objects used as burial outfits, the living signs of a whole civilisation come to light with its own usages and habits, where everyday life interweaves with myth and millenarian symbols representing the human longing for immortality.

The funeral steles receive the visitors with the portraits of the Dead, the intense inscriptions and the different symbologies of Myth and offer elements allowing to give a context to the whole of findings. The expository space was designed to achieve most faithfully the impression that would struck the wayfarer travelling along the line traced by the steles almost 2000 years ago, now placed in the display-rooms the very same way they were originally placed on the side of the road, where they were discovered.

To further help the visitor in finding his way inside the necropolis, the relationships between the steles position and the different graves connected to them, located immediately behind, are shown on a map drawn on the floor. The burial equipments of each grave (12 in all) are exhibited in various show-cases. The tombstones come from Saint Catherine possessions, North East of Delizia del Verginese, in ancient times lapped by one of the Po river branches: a place, Gambulaga, often mentioned in specialized essays and scientific publications.
The chance discovery of the first three steles in Autumn 2002 was followed by a short and incomplete archaeological investigation, in the process of which not three but four bases placed in a row came to light, moreover a forth tombstone appeared, fallen to earth beside its own base and some tombs. The first one to be lifted up was the stele of Caius Fadienus, Cai filius, and Ambulasia Anucio, Marci filia, than it was the turn of the stele on which epigraph Fadienus Repentius, Cai filius, and Cursoria Secunda, Luci filia mourned the untimely death of Caius Fadienus Vegetus, perished when he was 21.
The monument to C. Fadienus and Ambulasia Anucio, as for the other tombstones, was obtained from a limestone block of Aurisina and shows a deliberately irregular chiselled back. A little smaller is the tombstone which was dedicated to C. Fadienus Vegetus by his parents, with the draped busts of the three characters, the adults above and the young man below, framed by two rectangular niches with hollow bottom on the top part.
Third came the stele of Marcus Fadienus Massa, Cai filius, and Valeria Secunda, Quinti filia. In the epigraph surface that separates the niche with the married couple busts from the frame situated below, representing a bas-relief horse in step, a text is written by which Marcus himself addresses the reader and wayfarer.

In addition to the steles, real stars of the exhibition, the burial objects are also to be seen: they represent an outstanding rich source of information to understand more about the Roman Empire first centuries. The exhibited pieces, of great interest, include clay pottery and various coins that allowed to date the necropolis from the Iulius-Claudius age, around the beginning of the second century A.D. A rare collection of finely carved glass pottery (outstanding for its integrity, moreover extremely rare in Ferrara area), some bronze handworks, a horse harness and offerings like dates and figs.

The exhibition is completed by information panels on the costumes of the age, going from clothes to hair styles; at the bookshop the scientific catalogue is also available.



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