Canossa Castle

Canossa - Canossa

Canossa Castle


Even guided tours are free


Always open
Tuesday to Sunday: 9-12.30 and 15-19 Winter (1 October 2011-31 March 2012): Wednesday to Sunday: 9-16.30. Campanini Naborre Museum: closed to the public 13-13.30 hours.


Telephone: +39 0522 877104
FAX: +39 0522 877104


Historians are not in agreement as to when exactly the fort was built: according to some it was erected in the middle of the X century by Atto Adelberto, according to others the IX century AD
Atto Adalberto uses most f his wealth to render the castle more equipped and resistant and to build a temple dedicated to Sant'Apollono.
Atto, in an attempt to re-use existing equipment and weapons pits, starts the procedure of fortifying with battlements the cliffs, then the "center of the Atto chessboard".
Matilde di Canossa was born in 1046, daughter of Bonifacio and Beatrice, Countess and Duchess of Lorena, who will give the castle its period of greatest splendor handing down the memory through the centuries.
One of the most famous episodes connected to the history of the castle is that of emperor Enrico IV, imploring at the foot of the castle waiting to be received by Pope Gregory VII who was guest at Matilde's.
Enrico IV is humiliated by presenting himself in the presence of the Pontiff barefoot and dressed in a habit.
In 1115 Matilde died ad thus a period of inexorable decline began for the castle.
The fort was subject to various garrisons and owners as Matilde did not leave any direct heirs up until 1557, year in which Ottavio Farnese, leading 5000 infantrymen and 800 cavalrymen attacked the fort, and destroyed it through cannon shots.
In 1878 the Italian state bought the Canossa Castle from the Valentini and declared it a national monument.
Of the castle structure only ruins of a tower and of the Sant'Apollonio tower remain.


Source: local Staff Appennino reggiano


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