In addition to the seaside Rimini, well-known and appreciated since the '50s, there is an “Ariminum” with a much more long-lived past that is worth rediscovering, full of history and culture.
There are still numerous pieces of evidence from Roman times that are preserved in the contemporary civic fabric, as shown in a suggestive monumental-archaeological itinerary stretching across the city.
A visual story that is told through a suggestive urban itinerary made up of great works, significant evidence of the magnificent history of this city, whose inhabitants are deeply proud of, starting from the Arch of Augustus, which ideally and physically has been marking since a long time the access to the city.
Besides the fact that it is the most ancient arch still preserved in northern Italy, which is already a good reason to stop by and maybe take a picture to share with friends, this construction was commissioned by the Senate in 27 BC to celebrate the greatness of the first emperor of Rome and is still one of the undisputed symbols of the city, even if of the entire original building, inserted within extensive walls and of which only a few ruins remain today, several elements have been lost, including of course its two side polygonal towers and the statue of Augustus which was on top of it.
To the diametrically opposite northern side of the city the Tiberius Bridge is still preserved in excellent conditions, further monumental evidence of a Roman Rimini. Even this majestic architectural structure, which risked several times to be destroyed because of various historical events, was begun by Augustus but completed by Tiberius and originally stood over the river Marecchia, formerly called Ariminus. Despite its subsequent change of course and the establishment of a closed basin, it is still possible to admire it in all its beauty from the water (actually, it is advisable), taking advantage of a short trip aboard small rowing boats organized by some volunteers from Rimini who are proud to pass on and explain a piece of history of their city .
Between these two great symbols of Rimini, exactly half way, we find the current Tre Martiri Square, reachable from the Arch of Augustus and Tiberius Bridge with just a ten-minute walk. It is another must for anyone who wants to know the ancient Ariminum: nowadays, it is a focal meeting point of the city life, a crossroads of social life and shopping. In Roman times, it was actually the ancient forum of the city where, according to historical sources, Caesar gathered the troops following the crossing of the Rubicon River.
Not far from here, there is another square which is worth visiting for its majestic archaeological excavation that occupies it almost entirely, a museum opened to the public a few years ago. The renovation project, initiated by the regional Superintendence for Archeological Heritage, has brought to light here a Roman domus (precisely dating back to the first century AD) called " Domus del Chirurgo” (Surgeon's House) by virtue of the extraordinary set of tools found during the excavation activities as clear evidence that the building was occupied and used as a taberna medica by a surgeon. His name is still partially legible in the Vano di Orfeo (Orpheus’ room), that is the space that probably housed the bed of the doctor who lived here and carried out his profession in the third century AD.
Actually, the Roman Rimini which has its roots in ancient history, and which we summarized through its three great symbols, includes a richer heritage, gathered in an audio guide dedicated to this thematic itinerary. It is available for free on the web and can be used on any mobile device, multimedia chest containing the historical and artistic heritage’s beauty of this city which has only one heart but many souls.